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Current terminology is Intellectual Disability. The American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities defines mental retardation as “a disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior as expressed in conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills. This disability originates before age 18. Five assumptions essential to the application of the definition are: (1) Limitations in present functioning must be considered within the context of community environments typical of the individual’s age, peers and culture. (2) Valid assessment considers cultural and linguistic diversity as well as differences in communication, sensory, motor, and behavioral factors. (3) Within an individual, limitations often coexist with strengths. (4) An important purpose of describing limitations is to develop a profile of needed supports. and (5) With appropriate personalized supports over a sustained period, the life functioning of the person with an intellectual disability generally will improve.”
Posted by admin on Sunday, July 24th, 2016 @ 12:40AM